Common Delusions of Schizophrenia - The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly

One of the main symptoms of schizophrenia is delusional behaviour. This is where a person feels or acts a certain way because of ideas they have, that are completely unsubstantiated, or have no factual basis whatsoever. Contrary to popular belief, in addition to negative delusions, there are also positive ones. However, generally speaking, the most common delusions of schizophrenia can be broken down into the following categories:

Grandeur: This is one of the most common delusions of schizophrenia, and also one of the most commonly-shown symptoms of schizophrenia. It is where the schizophrenic believes him or herself to be famous, however does not necessarily mean in terms of being a celebrity, though this is more commonly the case. A schizophrenic displaying this symptom could feel empowered such as a great inventor or even a warrior would be. As a result, the schizophrenic displaying a delusion of grandeur will expect to be treated by others as someone well-known, famous, or great, and be severely disappointed, angry, or frustrated, when they are not. This is known as a positive delusion.

Reference: In a delusion of reference, a person attaches a meaning to certain things around them including people, places, and events. Aspects of this delusion such as reading/hearing/being sent thoughts by surrounding people, and receiving messages (usually talking) from the TV, are amongst the more common delusions of schizophrenia. If these messages or thoughts are belittling or derogatory, then this delusions of reference are labelled as negative delusions.

Persecution: Persecutory delusions are very common delusions of schizophrenia. The involve the schizophrenic feeling as though people or a group of people are plotting against them. Sometimes they believe that they are being spied upon, that a personal attack is imminent, or that they are being deliberately victimized. This type of delusion is regarded as negative and results in the schizophrenic being very nervous, anxious, and suspicious of any people around them. On occasion, these feelings can also apply to members of the schizophrenic's family and circle of friends.

Control: When someone believes that someone else or something else is controlling their thoughts, movements, or actions, then it is classed as one of the common delusions of schizophrenia known as delusions of control. It could be that the schizophrenic acts on a feeling that they were "supposed" to do whatever it was they did, however it could equally be that they "heard" voices telling them what to do. Either way, the result is a lack of cognitive thinking. Wrongdoings are justified by the powers that instruct them to be done, therefore rational thinking, logic, and the ability to differentiate right from wrong are compromised. This is a negative delusion, and sometimes can be a very dangerous one.

Schizophrenics can suffer from either a single one of the delusions listed above, or a combination of several of them simultaneously. Although modern medicine is able to keep these common delusions of schizophrenia at bay, as soon as this medication is stopped, unfortunately, the delusions usually return.

Signs of Schizophrenia Tip #1

Schizophrenia is not the same thing as having multiple personality disorder. In multiple personality disorder a person has a number of independent identities that all share one host body. Typically one of the personalities is dominant and the others exist under the surface. With Schizophrenia, there could be independent personalities but the person suffering from the disease believes that these identities exist outside of him or herself.


Signs of Schizophrenia Tip #2

There are different types of schizophrenia. The most widely known is that of paranoid schizophrenia in which the schizophrenic believes that there are people who are out to "get" him (or her). Commonly the patient associates himself with an elite group and believes that it is his membership with that group that has made him a target of others.


Signs of Schizophrenia Tip #3

Schizophrenia is normally treated with anti-psychotic drugs. There are new drugs being developed all the time. Other treatments include Electro Convulsive Therapy in which the patient is driven to convulsions by receiving a series of shocks to the brain. This treatment is thought to fix the electrochemical balance of the brain.


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